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»Connect the Dots«
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© Martin Wattenberg

Keywords

  • aesthetics
    • acoustic
    • affective
    • anamorphic
    • animated
    • anthropomorph
    • assembled
    • automated
    • autopoietic
    • collaborative
    • contextual
    • cybernetic
    • disgusting
    • documenting
    • duplicated
    • dynamic system
    • ephemeral
    • experimental
    • found object
    • generative
    • gustatory
    • hypermediacy
    • illusionary
    • immaterial
    • immersive
    • installation-based
    • interactive
    • intermedial
    • intervention
    • mobile
    • modular
    • multi-user
    • multiple
    • narrative
    • navigable
    • networked
    • olfactory
    • panoramatic
    • performative
    • polysensory
    • processual
    • projected
    • real-time
    • remediated
    • remixed
    • sculptural
    • site-specific
    • sonification
    • sublime
    • tactile
    • telematic
    • three-dimensional
    • time-based
    • uncanny
    • virtual
    • visual
  • genre
    • Bio Art
      • Genetic Art
      • Transgenic Art
    • Database Art
    • Digital Activism
    • Digital Animation
    • Digital Community (Social Network)
    • Digital Graphics
    • Game Art
    • Glitch Art
    • Hybrid Art
    • installation
      • interactive installation
      • performative installation
      • sound installation
      • Virtual Reality
        • Augmented Reality
        • Mixed Reality
    • Nano Art
    • Net Art
    • Performance
      • Computer performance
      • Happening
      • multimedia performance
      • sound performance
      • video performance
    • robotics
    • Telematic Art
  • subject
    • ART AND SCIENCE
      • algorithm
      • anthropology
      • archaeology
      • artificial intelligence
      • astronomy
      • biology
      • botany
      • cartography
      • code
      • combinatorics
      • cyberspace
      • database
      • documentation
      • evidence
      • experiment
      • geography
      • geometry
      • history of science
      • humanities
      • library
      • light
      • machine
      • mathematic
      • medicine
      • microscopy
      • nanotechnology
      • neuroscience
      • philosophy
      • physics
      • psychology
      • Representation of knowledge
      • research
      • science
      • scientific image
      • space
      • statistics
      • stereoscope
    • ARTS AND VISUAL CULTURE
      • allegory
      • animation
      • architecture
      • art history
      • art market
      • beauty
      • cinema
      • Concept Art
      • conservation
      • dance
      • expanded cinema
      • fashion
      • gaze
      • grid
      • illusion
      • literature
      • mask
      • materiality
      • mirror
      • model
      • museum
      • music
      • nude
      • panopticon
      • panorama
      • personification
      • perspective
      • poetry
      • projection
      • representativeness
      • shadow
      • sketch
      • spectator
      • symbolism
      • theatre
      • Theory
        • complexity
        • media theory
        • modernism
        • postmodernism
        • poststructuralism
        • semiotics
        • simulacrum
      • virtuality
      • visual culture
    • BODY AND HUMAN
      • agency
      • anatomy
      • body
      • breathing
      • cybersex
      • cyborg
      • death
      • disease
      • dream
      • embodiment
      • empathy
      • expression
      • eye
      • facial expression
      • fantasy
      • feeling
        • affect
        • emotion
      • gender
      • genetics
      • gesture
      • hand
      • human
      • identity
      • intimacy
      • movement
      • pain
      • perception
      • performativity
      • physiognomy
      • posthuman
      • self awareness
      • senses
      • sexuality
      • skin
      • speech
      • surgery
    • HISTORY AND MEMORY
      • ancestor
      • antiquity
      • archive
      • artifacts
      • collective memory
      • colonialism
      • cultural heritage
      • historical site
      • historism
      • history
      • meme
      • memorial
      • modern era
      • nostalgia
      • postcolonialism
      • preservation
      • romanticism
      • teleology
      • tradition
    • MEDIA AND COMMUNICATION
      • access
      • advertising
      • Big Data
      • broadcast
      • commerce
      • communication
      • electronic media
      • error message
      • film
      • global village
      • hypertext
      • information
      • intermediality
      • internet
      • language
      • media archaeology
      • open source
      • print media
      • radio
      • search engine
      • social media
      • telecommunication
      • telephone
      • television
      • video surveillance
      • visualisation
      • writing
    • NATURE AND ENVIRONMENT
      • agriculture
      • animal
      • anthropocentrism
      • atmosphere
      • catastrophe
      • DNA
      • earth
      • ecosystem
      • energy
      • environment
      • evolution
      • four elements
      • geology
      • global warming
      • globe
      • landscape
      • magnetism
      • nature
      • ocean
      • outer space
      • physical law
      • plant
      • pollution
      • sustainability
      • vegetation
      • water
      • weather
    • POWER AND POLITICS
      • authority
      • banking
      • censorship
      • conspiracy
      • democracy
      • discrimination
      • economy
      • equality
      • geopolitics
      • governance
      • heroism
      • human rights
      • imperialism
      • institution
      • law
      • manipulation
      • market
      • military
      • nationalism
      • patriarchy
      • politics
      • sovereignty
      • surveillance
      • terrorism
      • violence
      • warfare
    • RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY
      • afterlife
      • Alchemy
      • bible
      • church
      • creation
      • crucifixion
      • esoterism
      • exodus
      • heretic
      • legend
      • mysticism
      • myth
      • mythological creature
      • mythology
      • paradise
      • religion
        • buddhism
        • christianity
        • islam
        • judaism
      • ritual
      • sacrifice
      • Saint
      • sin
      • spirituality
      • vision
      • worship
    • SOCIETY AND CULTURE
      • activism
      • capitalism
      • civilisation
      • community
      • consumption
      • counterculture
      • digital identity
      • diversity
      • ethnicity
      • feminism
      • globalization
      • individuality
      • information society
      • interculturalism
      • mass
      • mass culture
        • entertainment
        • parody
        • phantasmagoria
        • popular culture
        • spectacle
      • migration
      • minority
      • morality
      • native
      • otherness
      • participation
      • poverty
      • privacy
      • racism
      • territory
      • unemployment
      • urban space
      • voyeurism
      • wealth
      • working class
    • TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION
      • artificial life
      • cybernetics
      • development
      • digitization
      • electricity
      • emulation
      • engineering
      • history of technology
      • innovation
      • intelligent environment
      • invention
      • mechanics
      • military technology
      • mobility
      • nonhuman communication
      • optics
      • product design
      • production
      • robot
      • simulation
      • supercomputing
      • technophobia
      • telematics
      • telepresence
  • Technology
    • Display
      • Electronic displays
        • BOOM (Binocular Omni-Orientation Monitor)
        • CAVE (Computered Augmented Virtual Environment)
        • computer monitor
        • Electromechanical Display Device
        • Electronic Paper
        • flashlight
        • Head-up Display
        • Headphones
        • HMD (Head-mounted Display)
        • holography
        • laser
        • light-emitting diode
        • plasma
        • printer
        • projection screen
        • projector
        • robotic
        • speakers
        • VFD (Vacuum Florescent Display)
        • VRD (Virtual Retinal Display)
      • Non-electronic displays
        • body
        • Book
        • easel painting
        • globe
        • house wall
        • inflatable structure
        • mirror
        • paper
        • sculpture
        • shutter glasses
        • sofa
        • Somatosensory System / Tactile Feedback Technology
        • table
    • Hardware
      • camera
      • computer mouse
      • data glove
      • Joystick
      • MAC
      • Mobile Device
      • multi touchscreen
      • plotter
      • scanner
      • touchscreen
      • Video
      • Virtual Workbench
      • Virtuscope
      • webcam
    • interface
      • Automatic Identification and Data Capture (AIDC)
      • biometrics
      • Body sensor
        • Body Tracking
        • brainwave sensor
        • breathing sensor
        • Breathing-Balance-Interface-Vest
        • Endoscope
        • eye scanner
        • facial recognition system
        • Motion Capture
        • positiontracker
        • retina scanner
        • Speech Recognition
        • step sensor
      • camera recording
      • electromagnetism
      • interactive media
        • Auditory User Interface (AUI)
        • Augmented Reality Interfaces
        • breath based communication
        • Internet of Things (IoT)
        • Ludic Interface
        • MR-based (Mixed Reality) Interaction
        • Multi-Modal Interaction
        • tactile user interfaces
        • Tangible Acoustic Interface
        • Tangible User Interface (TUI)
        • Voice User interface
      • Non-electronic interface
        • bike
        • doll
        • furniture
        • plant
      • Soundgenerating device
        • Audiotape
        • keyboard
        • microphone
        • musical instrument
        • RFID (Radio-frequency Identification)
        • Speech Recognition
        • syntheziser
        • telephone
        • Theremin
        • turntable
        • voice analysis
        • Voice User Interface (VUI)
      • virtual balance
    • Software
      • C++
      • CGI/Perl
      • CSS
      • Global Positioning System (GPS)
      • ISDN
      • Java
      • Linux
      • Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
      • periscope
      • PHP
      • RFID (Radio-frequency Identification)
      • robotic interfaces
      • SGI Onyx2
      • softimage
      • software interface
      • Video
      • VRML
      • Wireless Sensor Network (WSN)
      • XML
3392
Information
Cite
X
Archive of Digital Art (ADA). “Martin Wattenberg - »Connect the Dots«”. https://www.digitalartarchive.at/database/general/work/dynamic-abstraction.html (retrieved 2016-27-07). @online{ADAartistprofile, author = {Archive of Digital Art (ADA)}, title = {Martin Wattenberg - »Connect the Dots«}, url = {https://www.digitalartarchive.at/database/general/work/dynamic-abstraction.html}, urldate = {retrieved 2016-27-07}
Technology
Software
Java applet
Descriptions & Essays

enter project here:

artport.whitney.org

scroll down to the bottom of the page to launch the Java Programme.

Commissioned by the Whitney Museum

ADA Community Team 16-06-2015
Comment by John Klima:
Super-tight code, it's remarkable how much can occur with a bare minimum of instructions. It's interesting to note that the majority of Java coders -- Mark, Martin, Scott, and Camille (though in C) -- all created visually driven work; they approached the task of connecting three points purely in a graphic sense. Yet within that confine, each produced a distinct variation on the theme.
ADA Community Team: Connect the Dots, 16-06-2015, in: Archive of Digital Art
ADA Community Team 16-06-2015
Comment by Brad Paley:
"I have taken the liberty of "instrumenting" your program with the calls necessary for my program (CodeProfiler) to profile them.
http://artport.whitney.org/commissions/codedoc/CodeProfiler/ConnectAppletProfiles.html
This is my way of commenting on your code, per our charter."



Martin Wattenberg: "I decided the most natural way to comment on Brad's profiler was to profile it by creating a remix. He did a pretty amazing job of showing the sequential movement and rhythm of the execution point... so I tried to show the opposite in my remix, exploring the parallel operations happening at any given moment.
Click here to watch my program profiling his program profiling itself.
http://artport.whitney.org/commissions/codedoc/CodeLayers/MetaProfile.html
My remix is a subclass of his and follows the same protocol, so the other instrumented programs can be plugged in as well... on the page above you'll also see links to profiled versions of Scott's applet and mine. (It actually shows distinct differences between all of our approaches to threading, although this may be of interest only to programmers!)
ADA Community Team: Connect the Dots, 16-06-2015, in: Archive of Digital Art
ADA Community Team 16-06-2015
Comment by Golan Levin:
"Martin's piece is as engrossing as his code is terse.
A true haiku of the medium, just as he hoped: economical, elegant, taut."
ADA Community Team: Connect the Dots, 16-06-2015, in: Archive of Digital Art
ADA Community Team 16-06-2015
Comment by Scott Snibbe:
"This piece is elegant and compact. The core of the code is a single equation which has some strong conceptual effects. I'm curious how Martin developed the equation -- is the process an exploratory one, probing the coefficients and structure of the equation, or is it completely pre-planned. Was the behavior a surprise, a confirmation or combination? Looking purely at the code, I couldn't immediately predict the behavior of the equation until I saw it at work. Maybe I should have thought about it longer and tried to draw some graphs first."

Martin Wattenberg: "As for Scott's question about how I developed the key equation in my program... I wanted to "connect" the three points without explicitly drawing lines, so I started thinking about equations that would implicitly describe those connections. The first thing I played with was pretty close to what's in there now -- a polynomial whose zeros form the three lines defined by the pairs of points. Integer overflow unexpectedly messed up my original equation, but after playing some more I realized I could control the effect and even use it to explore the transition between simplicity and complexity. So it was a combination of surprise and confirmation. I'd also add that I strongly wanted to make the code as short as possible, and that several decisions were influenced by that desire. In this exercise I felt like I was writing a constrained form of poetry like a sonnet or haiku."

"The effect of the code is striking -- at certain scales there is just the pure white triangle and grey echoes out of its edges. At other scales, macroscopic moire patterns enter from the sides. Moire patterns normally appear at the microscopic scale -- the level where the resolution of the display collides against the resolution of the model. Seeing the moires large turns the phenomenon inside-out -- deliberately referencing a common artifact and magnifying it to the extraordinary."

The manner in which the piece dissolves with change, rather than immediately updates is another inversion. Computer graphics tends to mimic cinema in the frame-by-frame progression of one image to another. This digital dissolve breaks free of the cinematic and moves more towards the perceptual -- as in the physical world, reality is constructed in small bits rather than large chunks.
ADA Community Team: Connect the Dots, 16-06-2015, in: Archive of Digital Art
Literature
Marchese, Francis T.. »Software Archaeology and the Preservation of Code-based Digital Art.« In Proceedings of Archiving Conference 2013, edited by Society for Imaging Science and Technology, 25-30. Springfield, VA: 2013.
Paul, Christiane. »CODeDOC II: curator's statement.« http://www.aec.at/CODeDOCII.