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»SpringyDots«
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© Mark Napier

Keywords

  • aesthetics
    • acoustic
    • affective
    • anamorphic
    • animated
    • anthropomorph
    • assembled
    • automated
    • autopoietic
    • collaborative
    • contextual
    • cybernetic
    • disgusting
    • documenting
    • duplicated
    • dynamic system
    • ephemeral
    • experimental
    • found object
    • generative
    • gustatory
    • hypermediacy
    • illusionary
    • immaterial
    • immersive
    • installation-based
    • interactive
    • intermedial
    • intervention
    • mobile
    • modular
    • multi-user
    • multiple
    • narrative
    • navigable
    • networked
    • olfactory
    • panoramatic
    • performative
    • polysensory
    • processual
    • projected
    • real-time
    • remediated
    • remixed
    • sculptural
    • site-specific
    • sonification
    • sublime
    • tactile
    • telematic
    • three-dimensional
    • time-based
    • uncanny
    • virtual
    • visual
  • genre
    • Bio Art
      • Genetic Art
      • Transgenic Art
    • Database Art
    • Digital Activism
    • Digital Animation
    • Digital Community (Social Network)
    • Digital Graphics
    • Game Art
    • Glitch Art
    • Hybrid Art
    • installation
      • interactive installation
      • performative installation
      • sound installation
      • Virtual Reality
        • Augmented Reality
        • Mixed Reality
    • Nano Art
    • Net Art
    • Performance
      • Computer performance
      • Happening
      • multimedia performance
      • sound performance
      • video performance
    • robotics
    • Telematic Art
  • subject
    • ART AND SCIENCE
      • algorithm
      • anthropology
      • archaeology
      • artificial intelligence
      • astronomy
      • biology
      • botany
      • cartography
      • code
      • combinatorics
      • cyberspace
      • database
      • documentation
      • evidence
      • experiment
      • geography
      • geometry
      • history of science
      • humanities
      • library
      • light
      • machine
      • mathematic
      • medicine
      • microscopy
      • nanotechnology
      • neuroscience
      • philosophy
      • physics
      • psychology
      • Representation of knowledge
      • research
      • science
      • scientific image
      • space
      • statistics
      • stereoscope
    • ARTS AND VISUAL CULTURE
      • allegory
      • animation
      • architecture
      • art history
      • art market
      • beauty
      • cinema
      • Concept Art
      • conservation
      • dance
      • expanded cinema
      • fashion
      • gaze
      • grid
      • illusion
      • literature
      • mask
      • materiality
      • mirror
      • model
      • museum
      • music
      • nude
      • panopticon
      • panorama
      • personification
      • perspective
      • poetry
      • projection
      • representativeness
      • shadow
      • sketch
      • spectator
      • symbolism
      • theatre
      • Theory
        • complexity
        • media theory
        • modernism
        • postmodernism
        • poststructuralism
        • semiotics
        • simulacrum
      • virtuality
      • visual culture
    • BODY AND HUMAN
      • agency
      • anatomy
      • body
      • breathing
      • cybersex
      • cyborg
      • death
      • disease
      • dream
      • embodiment
      • empathy
      • expression
      • eye
      • facial expression
      • fantasy
      • feeling
        • affect
        • emotion
      • gender
      • genetics
      • gesture
      • hand
      • human
      • identity
      • intimacy
      • movement
      • pain
      • perception
      • performativity
      • physiognomy
      • posthuman
      • self awareness
      • senses
      • sexuality
      • skin
      • speech
      • surgery
    • HISTORY AND MEMORY
      • ancestor
      • antiquity
      • archive
      • artifacts
      • collective memory
      • colonialism
      • cultural heritage
      • historical site
      • historism
      • history
      • meme
      • memorial
      • modern era
      • nostalgia
      • postcolonialism
      • preservation
      • romanticism
      • teleology
      • tradition
    • MEDIA AND COMMUNICATION
      • access
      • advertising
      • Big Data
      • broadcast
      • commerce
      • communication
      • electronic media
      • error message
      • film
      • global village
      • hypertext
      • information
      • intermediality
      • internet
      • language
      • media archaeology
      • open source
      • print media
      • radio
      • search engine
      • social media
      • telecommunication
      • telephone
      • television
      • video surveillance
      • visualisation
      • writing
    • NATURE AND ENVIRONMENT
      • agriculture
      • animal
      • anthropocentrism
      • atmosphere
      • catastrophe
      • DNA
      • earth
      • ecosystem
      • energy
      • environment
      • evolution
      • four elements
      • geology
      • global warming
      • globe
      • landscape
      • magnetism
      • nature
      • ocean
      • outer space
      • physical law
      • plant
      • pollution
      • sustainability
      • vegetation
      • water
      • weather
    • POWER AND POLITICS
      • authority
      • banking
      • censorship
      • conspiracy
      • democracy
      • discrimination
      • economy
      • equality
      • geopolitics
      • governance
      • heroism
      • human rights
      • imperialism
      • institution
      • law
      • manipulation
      • market
      • military
      • nationalism
      • patriarchy
      • politics
      • sovereignty
      • surveillance
      • terrorism
      • violence
      • warfare
    • RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY
      • afterlife
      • Alchemy
      • bible
      • church
      • creation
      • crucifixion
      • esoterism
      • exodus
      • heretic
      • legend
      • mysticism
      • myth
      • mythological creature
      • mythology
      • paradise
      • religion
        • buddhism
        • christianity
        • islam
        • judaism
      • ritual
      • sacrifice
      • Saint
      • sin
      • spirituality
      • vision
      • worship
    • SOCIETY AND CULTURE
      • activism
      • capitalism
      • civilisation
      • community
      • consumption
      • counterculture
      • digital identity
      • diversity
      • ethnicity
      • feminism
      • globalization
      • individuality
      • information society
      • interculturalism
      • mass
      • mass culture
        • entertainment
        • parody
        • phantasmagoria
        • popular culture
        • spectacle
      • migration
      • minority
      • morality
      • native
      • otherness
      • participation
      • poverty
      • privacy
      • racism
      • territory
      • unemployment
      • urban space
      • voyeurism
      • wealth
      • working class
    • TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION
      • artificial life
      • cybernetics
      • development
      • digitization
      • electricity
      • emulation
      • engineering
      • history of technology
      • innovation
      • intelligent environment
      • invention
      • mechanics
      • military technology
      • mobility
      • nonhuman communication
      • optics
      • product design
      • production
      • robot
      • simulation
      • supercomputing
      • technophobia
      • telematics
      • telepresence
  • Technology
    • Display
      • Electronic displays
        • BOOM (Binocular Omni-Orientation Monitor)
        • CAVE (Computered Augmented Virtual Environment)
        • computer monitor
        • Electromechanical Display Device
        • Electronic Paper
        • flashlight
        • Head-up Display
        • Headphones
        • HMD (Head-mounted Display)
        • holography
        • laser
        • light-emitting diode
        • plasma
        • printer
        • projection screen
        • projector
        • robotic
        • speakers
        • VFD (Vacuum Florescent Display)
        • VRD (Virtual Retinal Display)
      • Non-electronic displays
        • body
        • Book
        • easel painting
        • globe
        • house wall
        • inflatable structure
        • mirror
        • paper
        • sculpture
        • shutter glasses
        • sofa
        • Somatosensory System / Tactile Feedback Technology
        • table
    • Hardware
      • camera
      • computer mouse
      • data glove
      • Joystick
      • MAC
      • Mobile Device
      • multi touchscreen
      • plotter
      • scanner
      • touchscreen
      • Video
      • Virtual Workbench
      • Virtuscope
      • webcam
    • interface
      • Automatic Identification and Data Capture (AIDC)
      • biometrics
      • Body sensor
        • Body Tracking
        • brainwave sensor
        • breathing sensor
        • Breathing-Balance-Interface-Vest
        • Endoscope
        • eye scanner
        • facial recognition system
        • Motion Capture
        • positiontracker
        • retina scanner
        • Speech Recognition
        • step sensor
      • camera recording
      • electromagnetism
      • interactive media
        • Auditory User Interface (AUI)
        • Augmented Reality Interfaces
        • breath based communication
        • Internet of Things (IoT)
        • Ludic Interface
        • MR-based (Mixed Reality) Interaction
        • Multi-Modal Interaction
        • tactile user interfaces
        • Tangible Acoustic Interface
        • Tangible User Interface (TUI)
        • Voice User interface
      • Non-electronic interface
        • bike
        • doll
        • furniture
        • plant
      • Soundgenerating device
        • Audiotape
        • keyboard
        • microphone
        • musical instrument
        • RFID (Radio-frequency Identification)
        • Speech Recognition
        • syntheziser
        • telephone
        • Theremin
        • turntable
        • voice analysis
        • Voice User Interface (VUI)
      • virtual balance
    • Software
      • C++
      • CGI/Perl
      • CSS
      • Global Positioning System (GPS)
      • ISDN
      • Java
      • Linux
      • Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
      • periscope
      • PHP
      • RFID (Radio-frequency Identification)
      • robotic interfaces
      • SGI Onyx2
      • softimage
      • software interface
      • Video
      • VRML
      • Wireless Sensor Network (WSN)
      • XML
3399
Information
Cite
X
Archive of Digital Art (ADA). “Mark Napier - »SpringyDots«”. https://www.digitalartarchive.at/database/general/work/3-dots.html (retrieved 2016-27-07). @online{ADAartistprofile, author = {Archive of Digital Art (ADA)}, title = {Mark Napier - »SpringyDots«}, url = {https://www.digitalartarchive.at/database/general/work/3-dots.html}, urldate = {retrieved 2016-27-07}
Technology
Software
Java applet
Descriptions & Essays

enter project here:

artport.whitney.org

Scroll down to the bottom of the code to launch its results.

Please adjust your Java Security Settings in order to launch the programme

Commissioned by the Whitney Museum.

ADA Community Team 16-06-2015
Comment by Golan Levin:
"Mark merges the inherent chaos of a Double Pendulum with the noisy personality of an Euler integrator, to great effect. There are some nice patterns to be found in the code: iteration, simulation, a delicately hand-rolled Bresenham's line, alpha blending. I think the Javascript reload is forceful and a little risky: having been burned one too many times by browsers, I might have tried to find a way to clear the scene from within the applet code itself. It doesn't matter. The piece has good staying power. Run it overnight."
ADA Community Team: SpringyDots, 16-06-2015, in: Archive of Digital Art
ADA Community Team 16-06-2015
Comment by John Klima:
"nice smooth physics! rigorous object-oriented approach, i'm usually far more lazy when it comes to my classes. mark mentions translucency and how he needs "that soft-edged quality and subtle color gradations to enjoy a work visually." i'd like to question this notion. naturally personal taste applies here, but i think the "warm and fuzzy" is on the verge of becoming a bona fide cliche of the computer-generated image. we see it in golan's piece as well, with the fade in/out of the countries on the mouse-over, and it's an attribute of almost every high-design web site, especially the flash- driven variety. indeed its "easy on the eyes" but perhaps that's what makes it too much like "candy" for my tastes. just as in traditional drawing media, i've always favored the strong, confident line over the smudgy, shaded technique."
ADA Community Team: SpringyDots, 16-06-2015, in: Archive of Digital Art
ADA Community Team 16-06-2015
Martin Wattenberg:
I like Brad's method of using code to comment on code, so I made an applet to comment on Mark and Scott's applets. It combines Scott's geometry and interactivity with Mark's rendering style.
Applet: http://artport.whitney.org/commissions/codedoc/Remix/NapierSnibbe.html
Code: http://artport.whitney.org/commissions/codedoc/Remix/NScode.html

[Mark: Cool. I like the way the lines fade in gradually. It's amazing to me how much of a difference translucency makes. I find that I really need that soft-edged quality and subtle color gradations to enjoy a work visually. Unfortunately it's not an easy quality to generate in Java 1.1 or 1.2. I immediately got the connection between this work and the originals, but still found it to be engaging and surprising on it's own terms.]
ADA Community Team: SpringyDots, 16-06-2015, in: Archive of Digital Art
ADA Community Team 16-06-2015
Comment by Scott Snibbe:
Mark Napier's piece immediately has the feeling of a painting. Even before the painterly surface develops or the program is launched, one can see in the code the history of changing the constants of the simulation to achieve the artist's purpose, like the working and re-working of layers on a canvas. When the program starts, this painterly aspect is confirmed. The deliberate choices of color and composition become apparent -- 3 points connected, off-center in green and turquoise with the attractor slightly above. The assymetry of the composition immediately expresses the decisions of the artist.

The work combines dynamics and drawing -- there is a physical interaction with the spring, but the results of your actions have consequences. The traces of the bars are etched into the canvas. The ultimate effect is ghostly and attention flips from the dynamic bars to the static painting. Flipping from positive to negative space adds surprise to the piece, and also assures that the work is perpetual -- the canvas cannot be filled. The choices of simulation parameters result in a spring that isn't quite controllable. Small changes can have large effects and the interaction can feel like trying to coax a cat. I also noticed that when I placed another window on top of the canvas the piece sped up considerably -- anxiously asking for attention. Finally, Mark makes use of the canvas as a stage -- the spring can go completely offstage for long periods, then suddenly re-appear, coming back into view.

I would be quite interested in seeing a few judicious comments in the other code. Mark's was quite understandable to me, since I have done lots of simulation, though his integration is different that I am used to -- it would be interesting to see how Mark thinks about the simulation -- there are many different conceptual approaches to moving from analytical equations to discrete simulations.
ADA Community Team: SpringyDots, 16-06-2015, in: Archive of Digital Art
ADA Community Team 16-06-2015
Comment by Martin Wattenberg:
"Mark and Scott have chosen the same subject (physics-inspired differential equations) but have produced such contrasting results! It is like looking at two nudes by different artists. Scott's work is pure and precise with an Edward Weston "f/64" level of detail. Mark is like an artist who uses layers and layers of paint to emphasize motion and overall form. Is there a parallel contrast in the source code? Perhaps. Mark's code relies on layers of "library" code. Scott's program pivots on the exact values of a few variables.

I like the color scheme Mark chose; also I liked it when his applet switched from drawing to erasing. One thing I noticed is that seeing the source code did not add anything to my view of his piece; I feel like all the meaning is contained in what I see when the applet runs. ...whether the source code changes the view of the piece is certainly not intrinsically bad or good. It's an especially interesting dimension to me because, unlike other visual artists, software artists necessarily write a purely verbal description of their work. "
ADA Community Team: SpringyDots, 16-06-2015, in: Archive of Digital Art
Literature
Marchese, Francis T.. »Software Archaeology and the Preservation of Code-based Digital Art.« In Proceedings of Archiving Conference 2013, edited by Society for Imaging Science and Technology, 25-30. Springfield, VA: 2013.
Whitelaw, Mitchell. »System Stories and Model Worlds: A Critical Approach to Generative Art.« In Readme 100: Temporary Software Art Factory, edited by Olga Goriunova, 135-154. Norderstedt: BoD, 2005.
Paul, Christiane. »CODeDOC II: curator's statement.« http://www.aec.at/CODeDOCII.
Stocker, Gerfried and Christine Schöpf, ed. Ars Electronica 2003: Code -The Language of our Time. Ostfildern-Ruit: Hatje Cantz, 2003.